Bitumen pollution effects on the environment

Bitumen pollution plants are among the sources of air pollutants that play a major role in the release of suspended particles and other contaminants.

Bitumen is one of a series of combinations whose consumption is increasing along with industrial development and urbanization Bitumen is a collection of several chemical compositions produced by each separation source This industry has been growing in the last century and has endangered the quality of urban air and the areas in which these industries are located. The purpose of this research is to investigate the environmental pollutants discharge from campus asphalt plants and compare them with environmental standards.

At first, the environmental parameters of the plant were measured and compared in the next step with environmental organization standards.

Estimating the volume of noise released from the plant and analyzing the exhaust emissions from the plant revealed that its emissions are higher than the standards of the Environmental Protection Agency An estimate of the sound from the factory showed that the plant’s equivalent sound level is at the standard level of the environment.

The analysis of the exhaust gases and dust particles of the plant showed that the level of these pollutants is higher than the standard environmental standard The most important gases of the campus asphalt plant include suspended particles of less than 10 μm (PM-10), VOC volatile organic compounds, carbon monoxide CO, SO2 sulfur dioxide, NOx oxides, HAPs like air pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs, Phenal, HAPs escape, metal HAPs and total HAPs

The most important airborne combinations of dust generated by the Bitumen production units are dust particles One of the most important pollutants is carbon dioxide gas Approximately 8.2 tonnes of carbon dioxide gas per tonne is introduced into the atmosphere. The particles and products produced in the plant’s operations are mainly related to the storage facilities of the rotary shaft dryer, shaker, mixer, plant contaminant and product loading. Ultimately, executive and environmental management plans were introduced to control and reduce the effects of asphalt production activities.


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